Thyroid

Thyroid Specialist
Your thyroid gland may be tiny, but it can cause some pretty big problems with your health. If you suffer from symptoms like unexplained weight gain or other possible thyroid related symptoms, Dr. Mingliarti Tjahjana at One Health Medical Care in Reston, Virginia can help. From testing to treatment, Dr. Tjahjana is here for you when you're dealing with any type of thyroid trouble. Schedule your appointment online, or call One Health Medical Care.

Thyroid Q & A

What is hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which a patient makes insufficient thyroid hormone. Because the primary function of the thyroid hormone is regulating the metabolism, insufficient thyroid hormone means that the metabolism runs too slowly. Hypothyroidism causes symptoms such as:

  • Weight gain
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Dry hair
  • Dry skin
  • Extreme sensitivity to cold temperatures
  • Hair loss
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Depression

About 10 million Americans suffer from hypothyroidism today, but many cases are undiagnosed. If you have some or all of the symptoms listed above, it's important that you discuss them with Dr. Tjahjana at One Health Medical Care as soon as possible.

How is hypothyroidism treated?

Hypothyroidism is usually easily treated with thyroid hormone replacement. Most patients take a thyroid hormone replacement pill just once a day, and this allows them to produce enough thyroid hormone for proper regulation. Dr. Tjahjana will closely monitor your dose to make sure that the most effective dose is found so you can get symptom relief. It may take a few dosage adjustments to arrive at the right level, but it's well worth any adjustment period to achieve relief from the many miserable symptoms that hypothyroidism can cause.

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is the opposite of hypothyroidism. It's much less common than hypothyroidism. Patients who suffer from hyperthyroidism produce too much thyroid hormone, which causes the metabolism to speed up too much. Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Weight loss
  • Insomnia
  • Nervousness
  • Agitation
  • Tremors
  • Hyperhidrosis: Excessive sweating
  • Erratic menstrual cycles

If you have symptoms of hyperthyroidism, speak with Dr. Tjahjana as soon as possible. There are treatments that can help.

How is hyperthyroidism treated?

Antithyroid medicine that stops the thyroid from producing excessive hormones is usually the first choice in hyperthyroidism treatment.

Beta blocker drugs are sometimes also used to prevent some of the unpleasant effects of excessive thyroid hormone.

Another potential treatment involves radioactive iodine therapy, which damages the cells responsible for thyroid hormone production.

If these less invasive treatments aren't effective, surgery to remove a portion of the thyroid gland may be needed.

Hyperthyroidism patients are typically able to get complete symptom relief once the proper treatment is determined and put into action.